Resist the urge to scratch. Call it a design flaw, if you like, but whenever something on the human body itches, it's best not to scratch it. Dandruff is no different. Scratching your itchy scalp strips your hair of its natural cuticle scale protection, making it more prone to damage and breakage.
Get your vitamins. Dandruff can be caused by a diet lacking in vitamins B6, B12, F, beta carotene and selenium.
Try over-the-counter dandruff shampoos and conditioners. Products containing selenium, zinc pyrithione and coal tar are all effective dandruff treatments. Look for products that contain these ingredients and see which one works best for you. Be sure to follow the instructions carefully for each product you use.
Ignore the hype. When they find out you are using an anti-dandruff shampoo, your girlfriends are likely to warn you about the evil chemicals lurking in your shampoo bottle. The truth is that today's dandruff shampoos are mild enough to treat dandruff without causing further scalp damage. Many are blended with the same cleaning and conditioning ingredients as other hair care products. So ignore the common myth that the chemicals in dandruff treatments are the very things that will make your hair fall out.
See your doctor. Sometimes prescription strength medications are needed to treat dandruff and stop the related hair loss. Your doctor can provide you with an effective dandruff treatment and can make sure you are truly battling dandruff and not another problem, such as psoriasis.